The scientific name for the pistachio is Pistacia vera L. It is
a member of the family Anacardiaceae which contains such widely
known plants as the cashew, mango and poison oak.
The pistachio tree is an old tree with a great antiquity. There are
many opinions about its origin; mostly know the internal area of
Iran as the original region that this tree has grown there for the
first time. The pistachio is a small tree, reaching about 30 feet
of height at full maturity. Usual commercial plantings are
approximately 120 trees per acre. They begin to produce nuts in the
4th or 5th year after planting, and good production takes 8 to 10
years, with full bearing maturity occurring after 15 to 20 years.
Average yield per tree is 1/2 lb the 5th year, increasing to up to
80 lb at maturity.
As though the hot and dry climate of Iran is very compatible
with the characteristic of this tree it has splendor in this
country more than everywhere in the world. The trees begin to bloom
with the arrival of warm weather in late March. The male pollinates
the female via the April winds, and the shell of the nut is fully
developed by mid-May. Before June ends, the seed inside the shell
has begun its rapid expansion and by the first of August, the seed
has filled the shell. The nuts, splitting at the seams, are usually
ready to be harvested beginning September 10th.
Harvest of pistachio includes picking the fruits from the trees
by hand, separating the outer hull from the hard shell and washing
by machines then dry it in the sun. Then separate cracked nuts from
closed nuts, sort and pack nuts using machines.
Between Iranian people pistachios are known as "Green Gold" and are
considered as an important commodity in both nutritional and
economical forms. Pistachios occupy a special place in the heart of
every Iranian. Pistachios can be found in every Iranian household
because they have become a part of the Iranian culture by bringing
families together and are seen a delicacy being offered to a guest
who may just drop in for a visit and a cup of tea.
We are dedicated to provide you with the best quality pistachio.
There are different types and sizes of pistachios, which are listed
Round ( Fandoghi)
Jumbo ( Kaleh Ghuchi)
Long ( Badami, Ahmad Aghaei, Akbari)