The dried coconut meat is known as copra and is the source of
coconut oil, which is used in enormous quantities for making fats
for baking and confectionery. An important product used in the
chocolate and confectionery industry is desiccated coconut. The nut
is removed from the hard shell and the thin brown rind pared off.
This must be very thorough or the finished coconut will be
contaminated by flecks of brown. The pared nuts are then washed
free of milk and skin residues and put through shredding machines,
which give a milled product of varying degree of fineness. After
shredding, the ground meat is subjected to a steam or hot water
treatment to destroysalmonellaand
lipases and to reduce bacteria counts to low levels. The
pasteurized meat is then dried on wire mesh belts by means of hot
air, which reduces the moisture content to less than 4%.ï¿½ The
critical moisture level of desiccated coconut is 5% and the product
should be well below this to ensure good shelf life.